3 April 2023: Eravikulam National Park gets a Fernarium

In News

  • A fernarium has been built inside Eravikulam National Park (ENP), the Nilgiri tahr’s natural habitat in Munnar.

On Ferns

  • Ferns belong to the genus Epiphyta. They develop organically in an atmosphere without soil. Through the leaching of nutrients and water from forests, plants receive both.
  • Ferns are a group of plants that grow new plants by sending out spores instead of flowers or seeds.
  • Uses: Ferns are very important in some cultures, even though they are not as important economically as seed plants. Food is made from some plants.

Eravikulam National Park (ENP)

  • The Western Ghats’ summit is where Eravikulam National Park is located, in Kerala’s high mountains of the Idukki district.
  • Also, this area is home to “Neelakurinji,” a flower that only blooms once every twelve years. Anamudi, the highest mountain south of the Himalayas, is situated here.
  • It is also referred to as Rajamalai National Park. When it was established in 1975 as a sanctuary with the goal of preserving the native population of Nilgiri Tahr (the most endangered mountain goat), it was later elevated as a national park.