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31 March 2023: EOS-06 satellite

Context:

ISRO releases images of Earth captured by its EOS-06 satellite. The EOS-06 is intended to gather ocean colour data, sea surface temperature data, and wind vector data for use in oceanography, climatology, and meteorology.

About:

  • On November 26, ISRO launched the EOS-06 third-generation satellite in the Oceansat series onboard the PSLV-C54, along with eight Nano-satellites.
  • EOS-06 provides continued services of Oceansat-2 with enhanced payload capability and carries four payloads OCM-, Sea Surface Temperature Monitor, Ku-Band Scatterometer, and ARGOS.
  • Moreover, the satellite supports value-added products such as potential fishing zones based on chlorophyll, SST, wind speed, and land-based geophysical parameters.
  • The Oceansat-2 satellite, which was launched in September 2009, was designed to cover the whole world’s oceans and offer continuity of ocean colour data with global wind vector as well as characterization of the lower atmosphere and ionosphere.
  • The third-generation Indian satellite for monitoring the oceans, formally named Earth Observation Satellite-6 (EOS-6) was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in partnership with the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
  • Earth observation satellites, also known as Earth remote sensing satellites, are satellites that are used or built to observe Earth from orbit, including spy satellites and comparable ones intended for non-military purposes such as environmental monitoring, meteorology, mapping, and others. Earth Observation (EO) satellites assist us in monitoring and protecting the environment, managing resources, responding to global humanitarian events, and enabling sustainable development. They give critical information on a wide range of topics, including as ocean salinity, ice thickness, agricultural health, and air quality. Sputnik 1, the Soviet Union’s first artificial satellite launched into Earth orbit in 1957, was the first EOS. The artificial satellite Sputnik 1 was used to examine the ionosphere. In January 1958, the first US satellite, Explorer 1, was launched into space.
  • EOS-01 is an earth observation satellite designed for agricultural, forestry, and disaster management purposes.
  • ISRO designed and built the EOS-02 earth observation satellite. This microsat series satellite provides superior optical remote sensing with excellent spatial resolution in the infrared spectrum. 
  • The EOS-03, formerly known as the Geo Imaging Satellite-1 or GISAT-1, is a geo imaging or Earth observation satellite. It’s capability is monitoring natural disasters such as cyclones and floods, apart from real-time monitoring of crops, forest cover and water bodies.
  • EOS-04 is a Radar Imaging Satellite designed to deliver high-quality images in all weather conditions for applications such as agriculture, forestry, and plantation management, as well as soil moisture and hydrology and flood mapping.
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