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12 April 2023: UIDAI and IIT Bombay are collaborating to create a touchless biometric capture system.

Context:

  • Together with IIT-Bombay, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is creating a reliable touchless biometric capture technology.
  • Once completed and operational, the touchless biometric capture technology will enable fingerprint authentication at home, just as it does for face authentication.
  • The measuring and statistical analysis of a person’s distinctive physical traits is known as biometrics.

The UIDAI

  • It is a legislative body established in 2016 under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) in accordance with the requirements of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits, and Services) Act, 2016 (“Aadhaar Act 2016”).
  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was established to provide “Aadhaar” UIDs to all Indian citizens.
  • It is in charge of Aadhaar enrollment and authentication, including the operation and management of all phases of the Aadhaar life cycle, the creation of the policy, procedure, and system for issuing Aadhaar numbers to people and carrying out authentication, as well as the security of identity data and authentication records of people.

Significance

  • The new system will be an addition to the current amenities offered in the Aadhaar ecosystem and is anticipated to simultaneously collect numerous fingerprints and improve authentication success rates.
  • The system will use a typical mobile phone that is accessible to most individuals and has a positive user experience, together with an intelligent combination of signal/image processing, machine learning, and deep learning. This will help the Universal Authenticator become a reality.
  • Through their partnership with IIT Bombay’s National Center of Excellence in Technology for Internal Security (NCETIS), UIDAI and NCETIS will work together to conduct research and development (R&D) towards the creation of a system for UIDAI.

The NCETIS

  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and IIT Bombay collaborated to create the NCETIS as part of its flagship Digital India Program.
  • The NCETIS’s main objective is to create domestically produced technology for internal security forces in a variety of electronic system design and manufacturing fields.