17 April 2023: Mangrove Pitta Bird


In Bhitarkanika, Odisha, the first Mangrove Pitta Bird Census in India is carried out.


  • In order to investigate the population analysis of these birds, a census was conducted for the first time in the nation.
  • The census’s goal is to document these birds’ growth patterns. These birds have not yet been given endangered status.

Bird Mangrove Pitta

  • The Pittidae family of pittas includes the mangrove pitta (Pitta megarhyncha).
  • Mangrove pittas are colorful birds with a reddish vent area and a reddish head with a brown crown. They also have a white throat, greenish upper parts, buff underparts, and greenish underparts.
  • They were both resting on the trees and foraging on the ground.
  • Indian coastal mangrove forests are the habitat.
  • India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia make up the distribution.
  • IUCN: Conservation Status:Near Threatened

Bhitarkanika National Park

  • India’s second-largest mangrove environment is found in Bhitarkanika National Park.
  • It can be found in the estuaries where the Brahmani and Baitarani rivers converge. The endangered saltwater crocodile lives in this area.
  • The largest colony of Olive Ridley Sea Turtles may be found on Gahirmatha Beach, which defines the eastern edge of the sanctuary.
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