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CAG had flagged many shortcomings in derailments report

This article focuses on the core findings of the CAG report and provides an analysis of the identified shortcomings in the derailments report.

What is the context?

The Comptroller and Auditor General‘s (CAG) report for 2022 on derailments in the Indian Railways has raised concerns regarding several shortcomings in the system. The report sheds light on various aspects, including maintenance practices, track inspections, and safety protocols.

Maintenance Practices:

The CAG report exposes maintenance deficiencies in Indian Railways, attributing many derailments to poorly maintained tracks. It underscores the necessity of more rigorous procedures for ensuring rail safety.

Track Inspections:

Inadequate track inspections emerge as a significant concern, with numerous derailments occurring on tracks lacking or receiving insufficient inspections. Regular and thorough inspections are crucial in identifying potential issues and preventing derailments.

Safety Protocols:

The CAG report questions the effectiveness of safety protocols employed by Indian Railways. It highlights instances of non-compliance with safety measures like maintaining sufficient buffer zones and implementing speed restrictions in vulnerable sections. This necessitates a reevaluation and strict implementation of safety protocols to minimize derailment risks.

Human Resources and Training:

The report also points out shortcomings in derailments report due to the human resources and training aspects of the Indian Railways. It highlights the need for adequate staffing levels, proper training, and skill development programs for railway personnel involved in maintenance and inspection activities. Strengthening the workforce and ensuring their competence is essential to improve safety standards.

Infrastructure Investment:

The CAG report underscores the importance of infrastructure investment in reducing derailments. It emphasizes the need for upgrading tracks, bridges, and signaling systems to enhance safety and operational efficiency. Adequate funding and prioritization of infrastructure development projects are crucial to address the identified shortcomings.

Hence, The CAG report’s findings indicate systemic shortcomings within the Indian Railways that have contributed to derailments. It highlights the need for comprehensive reforms to improve maintenance practices, enhance track inspections, strengthen safety protocols, and invest in infrastructure development. Addressing these issues requires a multi-pronged approach, including increased funding, technology adoption, capacity building, and a robust monitoring system. Additionally, a proactive and collaborative approach between railway authorities, government bodies, and industry stakeholders is crucial to ensure effective implementation of corrective measures.


The CAG report’s revelations regarding the shortcomings in the derailment prevention measures highlight the urgent need for reforms. It is imperative to prioritize investments in maintenance, track inspections, safety protocols, human resources, and infrastructure development. By addressing these issues, the Indian Railways can enhance its operational efficiency, minimize derailments, and ensure the safety and well-being of passengers and cargo transport.

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