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National Green Hydrogen Mission

The article discusses India’s National Green Hydrogen Mission by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). It aims to promote green hydrogen as a sustainable fuel for transportation, emphasizing infrastructure development and its pivotal role in carbon reduction.

What is the context?

As renewable energy costs decline, vehicles powered by green hydrogen can become economically competitive. Future advancements and economies of scale in hydrogen-based vehicle technologies can increase their feasibility in transportation.

Key Features:

The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) launched the National Green Hydrogen Mission. It aims to advance green hydrogen as a viable fuel for buses, trucks, and four-wheelers. This initiative encompasses both fuel cell-based and internal combustion engine-based propulsion technologies. Additionally, the scheme backs infrastructure development, including hydrogen refueling stations.

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and designated Scheme Implementing Agencies (SIAs) will oversee the pilot projects. Moreover, the program encourages innovative hydrogen applications to curtail carbon emissions in transportation, like blending methanol/ethanol based on green hydrogen and incorporating synthetic fuels from green hydrogen into automotive fuels. The scheme’s budget stands at Rs. 496 Crores, slated for implementation until the fiscal year 2025-26.

Importance of the Initiative:

The initiative will facilitate the creation of essential infrastructure, including refueling and distribution facilities. It paves the way for a robust Green Hydrogen ecosystem in transportation. As the production cost of Green Hydrogen is anticipated to decline, its adoption in the transport sector is projected to surge.

Green Hydrogen:

Green hydrogen is a sustainable energy form produced via water electrolysis using renewable sources like wind, solar, and hydro power. It stands as a pivotal player in transitioning towards a carbon-neutral economy by offering emission-free energy. By fostering renewable energy sources like green hydrogen, nations can achieve energy autonomy, mitigating risks linked to fossil fuel price fluctuations and supply interruptions. Furthermore, it drives employment opportunities in the renewable sector, catering to specific requirements in production, storage, and distribution. Crucially, green hydrogen can supplant fossil fuels in sectors hard to decarbonize, such as heavy industries and aviation, thus curtailing their carbon emissions.

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