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Railway safety — listen to the voices from below

The article discusses the importance of listening to the voices of railway employees when it comes to Railway safety in India. It argues that the traditional approach of fault-finding and punishment has not been effective in improving safety and that a new approach is needed that is based on a shared commitment to ensure complete safety at all levels.


Railways are the lifeline of India, carrying millions of passengers and freight every day. However, railway safety in India is a critical challenge, with the country having one of the highest railway accident rates in the world.

Factors Contributing to Railway Accidents

There are a number of factors that contribute to railway accidents in India, including:

  • Poor infrastructure: The Indian railway network is aging and in need of major repairs. This includes tracks, bridges, and signaling systems.
  • Inadequate maintenance: The Indian Railways does not have the resources to properly maintain its infrastructure. This leads to wear and tear, which can increase the risk of accidents.
  • Human error: Human error is a major factor in railway accidents. This includes errors by train drivers, signalmen, and track workers.
  • Lack of safety culture: There is a lack of safety culture within the Indian Railways. This means that safety is not seen as a priority, and there is a tendency to ignore or downplay safety concerns.
The Need for a New Approach to Railway Safety

The traditional approach to railway safety in India has been one of fault-finding and punishment. When an accident occurs, the focus is on finding out who is to blame and then punishing them. This approach has not been effective in improving safety, as it does not address the underlying causes of accidents.

A new approach to railway safety is necessary, one that is based on a shared commitment to ensuring complete safety at all levels. This approach should involve:

  • Taking the voices of those who work on the Railways into consideration: The railway employees’ voices often get ignored or even punished when they raise safety concerns. This situation needs to change, and their concerns should be taken seriously.
  • Granting employees more responsibility for safety: Employees should be empowered to take action to prevent accidents and to report any unsafe conditions they observe.
  • Investing in infrastructure and maintenance: Upgrading the infrastructure and maintaining the rolling stock of the Indian Railways is crucial to reducing the risk of accidents.
  • Creating a culture of safety: The Indian Railways should establish a culture of safety within its organization. This entails altering the perception of safety and making it a priority at all levels.
Specific measures to improve railway safety in India include:
  • Strengthening the whistle-blowing system: The whistle-blowing system should be reinforced to instill confidence in employees that they can report safety concerns without fear of retaliation.
  • Increasing employee training: Employees should undergo regular training on safety procedures and how to identify and mitigate risks.
  • Improving communication: Enhancing communication between different levels of the Railways will enable swift addressing of safety concerns.
  • Invest in research: The Railways should invest in research into new safety technologies and practices.

By taking these and other measures, we can make the Railways a safer place for everyone.


Improving railway safety is a complex challenge, but it is one that is essential for the safety of millions of people who use the Railways every day. By listening to the voices of those who work on the Railways, and by taking their concerns seriously, we can make the Railways a safer place for everyone.

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